​​World Class-Ghana, Inc.

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Facts about Ghana

(CIA: The World Fact Book)

Area: 239,460 sq. kilometers

Climate: Tropical, warm and rather dry on the southeast coast, hot and humid in the southwest and hot and dry in the north

Topography: Low plains with a broken plateau area in the south central region

Resources: Gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Population: nearly 24,000,000 of which 50% is urban

Life Expectancy at Birth: 58 years

Ethnicity: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Gruse 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census)

Languages: Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official) ) (2000 census)

Religions: Christian 68.8%, Muslim 15.9%, Traditional 8.5%, Other .7%, None 6.1%

Literacy: 57.9%

Government: Constitutional democracy where the president acts as chief of state and head of the government. A council of ministers nominated by the president and approved by parliament serves as the executive cabinet. The president and vice-president are elected for terms of 4 years and may serve 2 consecutive terms. The legislature is unicameral and has 230 members who are elected to serve terms of 4 years. The judiciary is headed by a Supreme Court and the legal system is based on English common law.


GDP: 34.04 billion (2008 purchasing power parity, US $)

1,500 (per capita)

GDP by sector: agriculture: 37.3%
industry: 25.3%
services: 37.5%

Labor Force: 11.52 million (2008)
agriculture: 56%
industry: 15%
services: 29%

Unemployment: 11% (2000)

Inflation rate: 16.4% (2008)

Agricultural Products: cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber

Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building